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HomeGeopolitical CompassArabian PeninsulaTime to Rethink International Intervention in Yemen

Time to Rethink International Intervention in Yemen

Author: Nadwa Al-Dawsari

Affiliation: Middle East Institute

Organization/Publisher: Arab Center Washington DC. 

Date/Place: April 7, 2021/USA

Type of Literature: Policy Analysis.

Word Count: 2787


Keywords:  Civil War, International Agreements, Democratic Transition, Peace Proces


Ten years have passed since the Yemen Arab Spring revolution, today the country is the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. International intervention didn’t take local dynamics into consideration, making Yemen’s predicament more dire. The Gulf Cooperation Council’s (GCC) National Dialogue Conference didn’t resolve the power corruption of the previous government, the absence of real power transition being a main cause for the ongoing civil war. The post-Arab Spring government led by President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi found itself fighting the Houthi rebels who took the capital Sanaa in 2014, in addition to the secessionist Southern Transitional Council (STC) centered in Aden. The UN has failed to enforce an effective peace process, while the anti-Houthi Saudi-led coalition has only fueled the war further. What makes it worse is that both the Saudis and the UAE have divergent interests, the Saudis supporting President Hadi while the UAE supports the STC, and both groups are actively hostile to one another. International initiatives such as the Stockholm Agreement in 2018 and the Joint Declaration in 2020 are ineffective due to Houthi incompliance; these initiatives are more likely to fail now as Yemen’s fragmentation increases. A context-sensitive mitigation is crucial to avoid imposing unrealistic agreements, and a true power democratic transition is paramount to avoid favouring one group over the others.

By: Omar Fili, CIGA Research Assistant



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