The False Promise of Europeanisation in Turkey’s National Identity Discourse

by Razia Wadood

Author: Filiz Coban Oran

Affiliation: Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey
Organization /Publisher: Journal of Contemporary European Studies
Date/Place: February 15, 2021/ Turkey
Type of Literature: Article
Number of Pages: 15
Keywords: Europeanization, De-Europeanization, Nationalism; Media; Critical Discourse Analysis
The article discusses how the attempted Europeanization process of Turkey’s national identity has
subsequently and paradoxically contributed to the de-Europeanization discourses that have emerged
after 2002. The author argues that the main reason for de-Europeanization was the domestic power
struggle under the AKP government in the Turkish nation-state identity discourse, as adversaries and
supporters of reconstruction sought to preserve the Kemalist nation-state identity. The author analyzes
the role of media in the creation of identity construction and reconstruction. For the purpose of
investigating Turkey’s Europeanization, the momentous period of Turkish and EU relations are viewed as
the most important. The data collected are from ideological based newspapers: Cumhuriyet, Hurriyet
and Zaman. The author concludes that the more Turkey has de-Europeanized, the more the AKP has
empowered its position and openly articulated a mission for sustaining Turkish nationalism, which has
caused its losing supporters from leftists and liberals.
By: Razia Wadood, CIGA Senior Research Associate

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