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Rising Islamophobic Discourses in Europe and Fight Against Islamophobia on the Basis of International Organizations

Authors: Umut Kedikli and Mehmet Akça 

Affiliation: Karabük University 

Organization/Publisher: Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences Vol 9 No 1 

Date/Place: January 2018 

Type of Literature: Article

Word Count: 5069


Keywords: European Union, Right-wing radicals, Islamophobia, Populism


Despite the enormous influence of right-wing political parties in opposition of Islam and Muslims in the West, some European Union fragments are trying to put integration policies on the forefront. “Islam, Islamism, and Islamophobia in Europe” was a report published in 2010 by the Council of European Parliament Assembly. The report criticized all the racist parties and took notice of extreme right parties, which were involved in targeting Muslims. Similarly, in 2011, “Living Together: Bringing Diversities and Freedoms Together in 21st Century Europe” was an opinion survey report of Pew global survey attitudes that affirmed the negative influence of right-wing political parties against Muslims. Following that, a report was published by the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), and several similar reports were subsequently published. All of these reports had one thing in common: discrimination against Muslims could be associated with Islamophobic attitudes and grudge interrelated with racism and xenophobia. Also, racism, discrimination, and social marginalization constitute a serious threat to social marginalization and integration. The authors suggest that Muslim countries need to collaborate with such elements in the European Union against the right-wing extremist parties to fight Islamophobia in Europe.   


By: Maryam Khan, CIGA Research Associate



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