Poverty Alleviation: China’s Experience and Contribution

by Riyaz ul Khaliq

Author: China’s State
Council Information Office

Affiliation: China’s State Council Information Office
Organization/Publisher: China’s State Council Information Office
Date/Place: April 6, 2021/ Beijing, China
Type of Literature: Report
Number of Pages: 74
Keywords: China, Poverty, Poverty Alleviation, Communist Party of China, Land to Tiller Revolution
Communist Party of China (CPC) turns 100 this year and what could be its best gift than claiming victory over absolute
poverty in the country of 1.4 billion people. In this so-called White Paper, the Chinese one-party regime claims to have
abolished the extreme poverty among its last remaining 98.99 million people in rural areas who were living below the
current poverty threshold – including in 128,000 impoverished villages and 832 designated poor counties. This
happened in the past eight years. It links the victory in abolishing poverty in the world’s second largest economy with the
CPC’s first Secretary General Mao Zedong, under whom, the paper says, led the people to launch the “agrarian
revolution” to realize the goal of “the land to the tiller”, who overthrew the rule of imperialism, feudalism, and
bureaucrat-capitalism, and won victory in the New Democratic Revolution and established the People’s Republic of
China in 1949. Since its grand opening-up and economic reforms in the late 1970s, the paper says 770 million
impoverished rural residents have shaken off poverty in China which has contributed more than 70% in global poverty
reduction in the past 40 years. Sustaining the economic upliftment is now the major challenge. Commentators on the
Chinese model of socialism, which uses a capitalist model of economy, say the modus operandi of economic reforms
which Beijing employs is five-year-long. It uses different models of achieving these targets and it is not necessary that
each of its models succeed, but Chinese systems have alternatives which keep using one after the other that has
ensured its constant economic growth for the past 30 years. However, the paper acknowledges China is still confronted
by the gap between unbalanced and inadequate development and the gaps between urban and rural areas and
between regions. “Removing the label of extreme poverty is not the end, but the beginning of a new life and a new
journey,” it adds.
By: Riyaz ul Khaliq, CIGA Non-Resident Research Associate

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